f3 project has mapped the technical and economic potential of electrofuels
Electrofuels, also known as e.g. power-to-gas/liquids/fuels, e-fuels, or synthetic fuels, are synthetic hydrocarbons, e.g. methane or methanol, produced from carbon dioxide (CO2) and water with electricity as primary energy source. They are interesting for several reasons, e.g. they could play an important role as future transport fuel, store intermittent electricity production or provide an opportunity for biofuel producers to increase the yield from the same amount of biomass. However, there is a lack of energy system studies of electrofuels.
Maria Grahn, Chalmers, has been leading a project performed together with IVL with the overall purpose to deepen the knowledge of electrofuels by mapping and analyzing the technical and economic potential and by analyzing the potential role of electrofuels in the future energy system aiming to reach stringent climate targets. The project is titled The role of electrofuels: a cost-effective solution for future transport? and has been a part of the f3 and Swedish Energy Agency collaborative research program Renewable transportation fuels and systems (Förnybara drivmedel och system).
However finished, the project results can not be published yet to the full extent. This is due to to the procedure of peer review of two scientific article manuscripts. The first has been published March 13th and can be accessed here. It maps, categorizes, and quantifies all major point sources of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from industrial and combustion processes in Sweden. The paper also estimates the Swedish technical potential for electrofuels (power-to-gas/fuels) based on carbon capture and utilization.
The second article still awaits scientific approval. As soon as it is published, the f3 report will also be made available. Until then, the report is available on request from the project leader. The f3 centre will announce the press release of the report on our news site and via twitter.