Factors and effects of flexibility in biorefineries

The latest finished project within f3 is a knowledge synthesis addressing flexibility in ethanol based biorefinery processes using lignocellulosic feedstocks from the Swedish forestry and agricultural sectors. The flexibility of biorefinery operations is important as it determines their capacity to respond to fluctuations in feedstock supply and market demands. Here, the flexibility of feedstocks, processes, volumes and products, referred to as manufacturing flexibility, is reviewed. Particular emphasis has been given feedstock and product flexibility.

The report is in English with a Swedish summary and has been written by Robin Kalmendal, Rickard Fornell and Karin Willquist from SP Technichal Research Institute of Sweden and Björn Alariksson from SP Processum.

Access it here.