Can green public procurement promote renewable transport alternatives in Swedish municipalities?

Many municipalities in Sweden have requirements on green cars in the procurement of municipal vehicles and some also have requirements on electric cars. A newly written report from the project Public procurement as a pol­icy instrument to promote the diffusion and use of renewable transport fuels has looked into the aspects of green public procurement in Malmö and Östersund, two Swedish cities that have come relatively far regarding requirements on electric cars. The project has also compared the procurement of bus traffic in the two regions Skåne and Jämtland and analysed how they use requirements in procurement to introduce renewable fuels in the bus fleet. The overall aim has been to increase the understanding of the challenges with green public procurement and how these have been handled in a few selected cases.

For the empirical material of the study, a combination of document studies and semi-structured qualitative interviews were performed. The interviews were carried of with procurers, environ­mental strategists, public transport strategists, politicians and representatives of private transport operators.

Even if the specific cases are unique in different aspects (geography, infrastructure, requirements etc.), some general conclusions and policy inplications could be drawn about what prohibits and/or enables the stakeholders to excercise green public procurement successfully. These have i.e. to do with how clear the political goals and political backing are, and how cooperation and knowledge sharing between actors is working out.

Jamil Khan, Lund University, has led the project that has been performed as part of the f3 and Swedish Energy Agency collaborative research program Renewable transportation fuels and systems (Förnybara drivmedel och system). Linköping university has also been part of the project.

Acccess the full report (in Swedish, English executive summary available) here. A separate English summary can de downloaded here). The project has also prepared two manuscripts for scientific publication. These will be linked on the f3 website as soon as the articles are available.