About the project

The costs for producing bio-based fuels are to a large extent associated with raw material prize, which, in turn, depends on factors like quality, geographical localisation, and the competition with other areas of use. Growing species of trees with better growth rate and higher production capacity is one way of enhancing the production potential per areal unit.

This project will identify opportunities to increase biofuel production in Sweden with poplar plantations. For Swedish climate conditions, poplar is one of the fastest growing tree species with great potential. In the project, the production potential will be determined by analyzing previous published results and new data that has not earlier been analyzed. The project will also identify the geographic distribution of available land, focusing on agricultura land that is not in use today, and former agricultural land that has been planted with spruce. The cultivation economy for landowners as well as associated transport and logistics solutions will give an indication of cost for biomass production. Moreover, poplar’s chemical and physical raw material properties will be investigated to evaluate potential process pathways for biofuel production. Techno-economic calculations will be carried out for different process concepts, including a sensitivity analysis to identify the most important parameters for the product price.


Henrik Böhlenius, SLU Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences


Per-Ove Persson, Persson f.N.B. AB // Marcus Öhman, Bio4Energy (Luleå University of Technology, LTU)

Time plan
1 July 2020 - 31 December 2021

Total project cost
2 193 000 SEK

The Swedish Energy Agency, the f3 partner organisations, Bio4Energy (LTU), Persson f.N.B. AB and SLU.

Swedish Energy Agency's project number within the collaborative research program

The project will have a reference group with participants from forest owner asssociations, Skogforsk (the Forestry Research Institute of Sweden), the Swedish Board of Agriculture, the Swedish Forest Agency, the Swedish mapping, cadastral and land registration authority, and stakeholers from the process industry.