About the project

In order to reach the Swedish climate goals of reducing greenhouse gas emissions from domestic transport by 70% by 2030, increased use of renewable energy is needed. This project aims to compare different fossil-independent systems (biofuels, electric roads, battery vehicles and fuel cells) for long-distance freight transport by road in terms of cost structures and risk distribution for different key actors.

The analysis is followed by a summary of greenhouse gas performance for the various renewable alternatives. Advantages and disadvantages, barriers and opportunities, as well as synergies between different solutions will also be highlighted.

The results of the study will constitute a basis for politicians, decision makers and industry showing where investments and policy instruments may be needed in order to implement renewable systems with large potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions at a faster rate.


Kristina Holmgren, VTI


Inge Vierth and Johanna Takman, VTI // Stefan Heyne, Chalmers Industriteknik, Industriell Energi AB // Ingemar Magnusson, Volvo // Magnus Fröberg, Scania // Fredrik Andrén Sandberg, E.on // Per-Arne Karlsson, St1

Time plan
August 2019 - February 2021

Total project cost
1 800 000

The Swedish Energy Agency, the f3 partners, Volvo Technology AB, St1 Sverige AB, Scania CV AB and E.on Biofor Sverige AB.

Swedish Energy Agency's project number within the collaborative research program

The project has a reference group with members from relevant authorities and industry and commerce.