According to the EU Renewable Energy Directive (RED), biomass means the biodegradable fraction of products, waste and residues from biological origin from agriculture (including vegetal and animal substances), forestry and related industries including fisheries and aquaculture, as well as the biodegradable fraction of industrial and municipal waste. Liquid and gaseous fuels produced from biomass for the purpose of transport are defined as biofuels. There are different ways to produce fuels from biomass. Lignocellulosic biomass can be converted into fuels and chemicals using thermochemical or biochemical process pathways, and these pathways are described in the two first fact sheets in the new category “Conversion technologies”. The fact sheets have been produced in cooperation with the f3 coordinators at LTH Faculty of Engineering at Lund University.
All previously published fact sheets on e.g. fuels can be found here.