Renewable transportation fuels and systems, 2018-2021

Renewable transportation fuels and systems is a collaborative research program between the Swedish Energy Agency and f3 The Swedish Knowledge Centre for Renewable Transportation Fuels. The program runs for four years, from January 2018 to December 2021.

The climate issue, a general environment interest, and increasing oil prices have been drivers of a growing interest for renewable transportation fuels in Sweden and abroad during the last two decades. But there is a large number of renewable transportation fuels available for the transport sector, and each fuel can be produced in several ways. Possible combinations of feedstock, production route and technology bring on differences in energy efficiency, greenhouse gas emissions and cost performance for different transportation fuels. Policy development, the sustainability criteria discussion and environmental benefits, along with some alternatives being questioned, are causing insecurities and a high-risk level for public agencies, political authorities and industry.

Enhanced systems understanding based on science

The aim of the collaborative research program is analyses that contribute to the foundation of scientifically based decision support. It is also to enhance systems understanding among politicians, agencies, business and industry and other concerned stakeholders regarding how development and use of sustainable renewable transportation fuels can help Sweden reach the goal of a 70 percent reduction of CO2 emissions in the transportsector from the year 2010 to 2030, and, in the long run, a fossilfree transport sector.

The full program description, in Swedish, is available here.

Applications are assessed by the advisory board

Within the second phase of the collaborative research program, a number of calls for applications will be held. After a call for applications has closed, the submitted applications are prepared by the collaborative program office in order for the advisory board to assess them and leave a recommended decition (approval or rejection) in each specific case. Assessment criteria and terms for application, etc. are clarified and described in connection to each call for applications. Details can be found in the program description.

As of 2021, the advisory board consists of the following members:

  • Svante Söderholm, Swedish Energy Agency (chair)
  • Anna Wikström, Swedish Life Cycle Center
  • Annika Åhnberg, Tankeflöda AB and Chair of the f3 board
  • Björn Fredriksson-Möller, St1 Biogas AB
  • Camilla Hållén, Public Health Agency of Sweden, earlier at Transport Analysis
  • Elisabeth Ekener, KTH Royal Institute of Technology
  • Eva Lind Grennfelt, Preem
  • Håkan Johansson, Swedish Transport Administration
  • Joakim Lundgren, Luleå University of Technology
  • Johan Bruce, Swedish Forest Industries
  • Maria Saxe, Stora Enso
  • Ola Wallberg, Faculty of Engineering LTH
  • Ulf Jonsson, Swedish Energy Agency
  • Åsa Kastensson, Vattenfall

Short facts about the Collaborative research program

Time period
January 2018 – December 2021

The Swedish Energy Agency and f3 through it’s host organisation Chalmers Industriteknik

Research budget
The collaborative research program is funded by the Swedish Energy Agency (22 million SEK), the f3 partners (11 million SEK) and by co-financing in the projects (at least 11 million SEK).

Calls for applications
Currently, there is no open call for applications.

All finalized projects are presented in individual one-hour webinars. Check the calender to find out the dates for coming webinars. Recordings of past webinars are available on Youtube.

Vera Nemanova, Swedish Energy Agency, phone: +46 (0)16-544 22 83, email:
Ingrid Nohlgren, f3, phone: +46 (0)31-772 63 52, email:


  • Comprehensive technological, economical and/or environmental system studies

  • Stakeholder, policy and strategy studies

  • Comparative system studies

  • Process integration and efficiency improvement potentials

  • Research syntheses

Projects within the collaborative research program

Search for specific projects, fact sheets and reports on the page Become a member »

Project status

Most efficient use of biomass – for biofuels or electrofuels?

How is the European energy system affected by different biofuel blending requirements for liquid fuels in the medium and long…

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Project Manager: Fredrik Hedenus

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2022-10-05

Routes for production of transportation fuels via deoxygenated bio oil

A comparison between four process paths for using hydrogen to remove oxygen from bio-oil, a raw material for fuel that…

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Project Manager: Shareq Mohd Nazir

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2022-06-23

Sulfur-Free MARine LIgnin FuEls (SMARt LIFE)

A new fuel based on residual products from the forest could minimize shipping’s emissions of both sulfur and carbon dioxide,…

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Project Manager: Dimitris Athanassiadis

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2022-06-17

The connection between policies and biofuel production and consumtion in Europe and how it affects Sweden

The reduction mandate in Sweden works well. It has led to expansive use of biofuels with high greenhouse gas performance…

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Project Manager: Liv Lundberg

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2022-06-03

Climate impact of car travel moving towards climate neutrality

In order to reduce the transport sector’s fossil carbon dioxide emissions and achieve politically set goals, both increased electrification and…

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Project Manager: Göran Berndes

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2022-06-03

Mitigating environmental impacts from biomass production by producing more biomass

Changes in land use combined with multifunctional production systems can reduce the negative environmental effects of agriculture while increasing biomass…

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Project Manager: Göran Berndes

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2022-05-23

Multi filling stations

Future multi-filling stations that produce and/or sell hydrogen together with other fuels could facilitate the introduction of renewable hydrogen. Hydrogen…

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Project Manager: Anders Hjort and Anton Fagerström

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2022-03-29

Climate-positive and carbon-efficient bio jet fuels, are they possible? – a systematic evaluation of potential and costs

Combining aviation fuel production with CCS can eliminate the climate impact from aviation. Producing biofuels from biomass means that only…

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Project Manager: Erik Furusjö

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2022-03-23

Future-proof biofuels through improved utilization of biogenic carbon – carbon, climate and cost efficiency (K3)

Often, only a fraction of the biomass feedstock carbon ends up in the product in biofuel production. This means, in…

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Project Manager: Elisabeth Wetterlund

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2022-03-23

Biofuels from fast growing deciduous trees – a synthesis study from biomass to fuels

Sweden has very good conditions for large-scale plantations of poplar or other fast-growing deciduous trees that could be harvested as…

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Project Manager: Henrik Böhlenius

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2022-03-14

Is liquid biogas part of the solution to greenhouse gas emissions from shipping?

Within a couple of years, there may be a real opportunity for shipping to exchange fossil LNG for renewable liquid…

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Project Manager: Karl Jivén

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2022-03-01

Impacts on producers and customers of conflicting rules for LCA

Life cycle analysis (LCA) is an important tool for many transport sector stakeholders. Here, three relevant frameworks with life cycle…

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Project Manager: Tomas Rydberg

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2022-02-24

Future fuel choices for low-carbon shipping, aviation and road transport

The introduction of renewable fuels in the shipping and aviation sectors is crucial to reduce the transport sector’s total carbon…

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Project Manager: Julia Hansson

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2022-02-15

Circularity and security of supply – Development of methodology

Today, renewable fuels are commonly attributed a value mainly based on climate benefits. A newly developed method puts a price…

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Project Manager: Tomas Lönnqvist

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2022-02-03

Electric and fuel cell powered construction transports in cities – Analysis of systems set-up

Load capacity is important when it comes to bulk freight vehicles operating in cities and urban areas. For these types of…

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Project Manager: Ingrid Nordmark

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2022-01-19

Sustainable HVO production potential and environmental impact

Several domestic raw materials are suitable to produce HVO fuels. The outtake could increase, but the potential is not sufficient…

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Project Manager: Hanna Karlsson

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2021-12-09

Drop-in the tank or a new tank? A comparison of costs and carbon footprint

This project has carried out a comparison of climate benefits, resource efficiency and costs for biofuels produced from residual products…

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Project Manager: Tomas Lönnqvist

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2021-08-23

Implications of electrifying municipal transportation systems: Regional consequences for biogas production

The project has explored the consequences at a system level of an increasing number of regional public transport companies choosing…

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Project Manager: Michael Martin

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2021-06-21

SunAlfa – System-oriented analysis of processes for renewable fuels form forest raw material

In this project, a new method for conversion of biomass to renewable jetfuel has been assessed. Parts of the technology…

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Project Manager: Christer Gustavsson

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2021-05-19

KNOGA – Cost and risk distribution among key actors for defossilized long-haulage freight transports on road

Electric driven long-distance freight transport is a surprisingly good alternative for fossil free transition, both from a…

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Project Manager: Kristina Holmgren

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2021-05-03

Electrolysis assisted biomass gasification for transportation fuels

Combining gasification with electrolysis can make biofuel production 30 percent more efficient. To optimize the conversion of forest biomass to…

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Project Manager: Sennai Asmelash Mesfun

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2021-04-12

BioFlex – Bio-based flexible production of transportation fuels in a combined pyrolysis and gasification plant

A new combination of thermo-chemical processes can contribute to reducing GHG emissions from the transport sector. In the Bioflex project,…

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Project Manager: Efthymios Kantarelis

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2021-04-06

Drop-in fuels from black liquor part streams – bridging the gap between short and long-term technology tracks

Strategically important drop-in biofuels can be produced from pulp industry by-products in a costeffective way, creating profits for economy and…

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Project Manager: Elisabeth Wetterlund

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2020-10-09

How can alcohols contribute to a fossil-independent non-road machinery fleet?

If diesel fuel in work vehicles such as tractors and wheel loaders was replaced or complemented with renewable alcohols, CO2…

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Project Manager: Gunnar Larsson

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2020-06-26

Bio-electro-fuels – Technology that can offer improved resource efficiency

A hybrid technology that integrates electricity into the biofuel process opens up possibilities to produce two to three times as…

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Project Manager: Erik Furusjö

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2020-06-15

A review of the synthetic step in the production of advanced biofuels

One of the most important routes for the future production of synthetic transport fuels is the gasification of biomass. A…

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Project Manager: Henrik Kusar

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2020-05-25

Actor networks, local policy instruments, and public procurement that support biogas development

Cities and regions can play an important role in supporting an increased use of biogas in the transport sector. The…

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Project Manager: Tomas Lönnqvist

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2020-02-01

Sustainable transportation fuels – a techno-economic Well-to-Wheel analysis

Increased use of wood-based biofuels and electricity for transportation is singled out as a key part of the transition towards…

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Project Manager: Karin Pettersson

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2019-04-29

Biogas in the transport sector – An actor and policy analysis

Biogas vehicles have been used for decades but nevertheless the biogas market is small. The aim of this project has…

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Project Manager: Stefan Grönkvist

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2019-03-05

Techno-economics of long and short term technology pathways for renewable transportation fuel production

Sweden has the ambition to have a fossil-free vehicle fleet by 2030. From a short-term perspective, biofuels are needed that…

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Project Manager: Erik Furusjö

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2019-02-22

Sustainable biofuels – critical review of current views and case studies using extended systems analysis providing new perspectives and positive examples

The project is a further development of ongoing research on sustainable bioenergy systems at the departments of Fysisk Resursteori (FRT,…

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Project Manager: Göran Berndes

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2018-09-27

Long-term sustainability evaluation of fossil free fuels production concepts

The development of fossil free fuels will take place in a situation with successively, probably radical, changing conditions regarding surrounding…

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Project Manager: Simon Harvey

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2018-08-21

Prospects for renewable marine fuels

In order to reduce the environmental and climate impact of shipping, in the short and long term, the introduction of…

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Project Manager: Julia Hansson

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2018-06-18

An innovation policy framework and policy options for the development of biorefineries

This project investigates how different policy instruments contribute to the commercialization of future biorefineries and the production of renewable transport…

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Project Manager: Hans Hellsmark

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2018-05-14

Methanol production via black liquor gasification with expanded raw material base

Effective utilization of by-products of biochemical fuel production is crucial for its development and there is a need to expand…

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Project Manager: Joakim Lundgren

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2018-05-09

Integrated assessment of vehicle fuels with sustainability LCA – Social and environmental impacts in a life cycle perspective

The sustainability of biofuels for transport is often expressed as their possibility to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions compared to…

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Project Manager: Elisabeth Ekener

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2018-03-14

Knowledge synthesis on new value chains by thermochemical conversion of digestate for increased biofuel production in Sweden

To be able to replace fossil fuels with second-generation biofuels and reach the goal of a fossil-fuel independent vehicle fleet…

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Project Manager: Anna-Karin Jannasch

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2018-02-27

Marine feedstock based biofuels and ecosystem services

Climate change mitigation is prioritized in numerous national and international policy decisions and action plans, particularly in relation to the…

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Project Manager: Karin Hansen

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2018-02-15

Determination of potential improvements in bio-oil production (ImprOil)

An important route for renewable transportation fuels is to produce bio-oil from forest raw material through e.g. fast pyrolysis, which…

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Project Manager: Marie Anheden

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2018-01-26

Biofuels and ecosystem services

Climate change mitigation is high on the agenda in numerous national and international policy decisions and action plans, particularly in…

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Project Manager: Karin Hansen

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2018-01-17

Biofuels from biomass from agricultural land – land use change from a Swedish perspective

An international debate is taking place on indirect land use change (iLUC) triggered by biofuels, which could lead to large…

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Project Manager: Serina Ahlgren

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2018-01-17

BeWhere – Stake-holder analysis of biofuel production in Sweden

Sweden has set ambitious targets for conversion to a fossil-free transportation sector. Advanced, so-called second generation, biofuels are an important…

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Project Manager: Elisabeth Wetterlund

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2017-11-08

Barriers to an increased utilisation of high biofuel blends in the Swedish vehicle fleet

The aim of the Swedish government is a fossil fuel-free vehicle fleet to 2030. In order to meet future environmental…

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Project Manager: Åsa Kastensson

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2017-10-16

Fresh and stored crops – a new way to organize all-year substrate supply for a biogas plant

Arable crops account for a large proportion of the identified potential for increased biogas production in Sweden. This project can contribute to…

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Project Manager: Carina Gunnarsson

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2017-08-30

Techno-economic analysis of biomethane production with novel upgrading technology

The use of upgraded biogas as vehicle fuel is considered as one of the most efficient means of utilizing renewable energy to…

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Project Manager: Xiaoyan Ji

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2017-08-07

From visions to smart ICT – Local transitions to renewable transportation

There is large uncertainty regarding how to succeed in the transition to fossil free fuels. In municipalities and regions, there…

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Project Manager: Cecilia Sundberg

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2017-06-27

The role of electrofuels: a cost-effective solution for future transport?

Electrofuels are synthetic hydrocarbons produced from carbon dioxide and water with electricity as the main source. They are interesting for…

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Project Manager: Maria Grahn

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2017-06-27

Public procurement as a policy instrument to support the diffusion and the use of renewable transport fuels

Many municipalities in Sweden have requirements on green cars in the procurement of municipal vehicles and some also have requirements…

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Project Manager: Jamil Khan

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2017-04-26

Environmental and socio-economic benefits from Swedish biofuel production

The Swedish Energy Agency reported in 2014 a greenhouse gas emissions reduction of 1.95 M tonnes of CO2-eq due to…

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Project Manager: Michael Martin

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2017-04-03

Enabling the transition to a bio-economy: Innovation system dynamics and policy

This research project has focused on the following question: “What promotes and hinders transition pathways to the development and deployment…

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Project Manager: Lars Coenen

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2017-01-23

Methane as vehicle fuel – a gate-to-wheel study (METDRIV)

Today, the global interest in methane as a transportation fuel is growing rapidly due to the expanded recovery of shale…

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Project Manager: Pål Börjesson

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2017-01-01

Examining systemic constraints and drivers for production of forest-derived transport biofuels

Diversification of forest industry activities into transport fuels is important for Swedish climate and energy policy goal achievement, and biofuel…

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Project Manager: Philip Peck

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2016-10-12

Value chains for production of renewable transportation fuels using intermediates

This project compares forest raw-material value chains for conversion to transportation biofuels, with respect to energy efficiency, climate impact and…

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Project Manager: Marie Anheden

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2016-08-29

Biogas from agricultural wastes and residues – Where and how much?

In the last years the number of gas-fuelled vehicles has increased rapidly in Sweden. The purpose of this project has…

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Project Manager: Martin Persson

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2016-01-07

The method’s influence on climate impact assessment of biofuels and other uses of forest biomass

There are potentially significant climate benefits with fuels derived from Swedish forest biomass. The assessment of these benefits strongly depends…

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Project Manager: Gustav Sandin Albertsson

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2016-01-07