Renewable transportation fuels and systems, 2018-2021

Renewable transportation fuels and systems is a collaborative research program between the Swedish Energy Agency and f3 The Swedish Knowledge Centre for Renewable Transportation Fuels. The program runs for four years, from January 2018 to December 2021.

The climate issue, a general environment interest, and increasing oil prices have been drivers of a growing interest for renewable transportation fuels in Sweden and abroad during the last two decades. But there is a large number of renewable transportation fuels available for the transport sector, and each fuel can be produced in several ways. Possible combinations of feedstock, production route and technology bring on differences in energy efficiency, greenhouse gas emissions and cost performance for different transportation fuels. Policy development, the sustainability criteria discussion and environmental benefits, along with some alternatives being questioned, are causing insecurities and a high-risk level for public agencies, political authorities and industry.

Enhanced systems understanding based on science

The aim of the collaborative research program is analyses that contribute to the foundation of scientifically based decision support. It is also to enhance systems understanding among politicians, agencies, business and industry and other concerned stakeholders regarding how development and use of sustainable renewable transportation fuels can help Sweden reach the goal of a 70 percent reduction of CO2 emissions in the transportsector from the year 2010 to 2030, and, in the long run, a fossilfree transport sector.

The full program description, in Swedish, is available here.

Applications are assessed by the advisory board

Within the second phase of the collaborative research program, a number of calls for applications will be held. After a call for applications has closed, the submitted applications are prepared by the collaborative program office in order for the advisory board to assess them and leave a recommended decition (approval or rejection) in each specific case. Assessment criteria and terms for application, etc. are clarified and described in connection to each call for applications. Details can be found in the program description.

The advisory board consists of the following members:

  • Svante Söderholm, Swedish Energy Agency (chair)
  • Annika Åhnberg, Tankeflöda AB and Chair of the f3 board
  • Björn Fredriksson-Möller, E.on
  • Camilla Hållén, Transport Analysis (Trafikanalys)
  • Carl Karheiding, Swedish Life Cycle Center
  • Elisabeth Ekener, KTH Royal Institute of Technology
  • Eva Iverfeldt, Scania
  • Eva Lind Grennfelt, Preem
  • Håkan Johansson, Swedish Transport Administration (Trafikverket)
  • Iris Rehnström, Skånetrafiken
  • Joakim Lundgren, Luleå University of Technology
  • Karin Tormalm, Swedish Forest Industries Federation (Skogsindustrierna)
  • Ola Wallberg, Faculty of Engineering LTH
  • Ulf Jonsson, Swedish Energy Agency
  • Åsa Kastensson, Vattenfall

Short facts about the Collaborative research program

Time period
January 2018 – December 2021

The Swedish Energy Agency and f3 through it’s host organisation Chalmers Industriteknik

Research budget
The collaborative research program is funded by the Swedish Energy Agency (22 million SEK), the f3 partners (11 million SEK) and by co-financing in the projects (at least 11 million SEK).

Calls for applications
The second call for projects closed on 21 February 2019. Information about the next call will be published here and at the Swedish Energy Agency website when available.

Susanna Widstrand, Swedish Energy Agency, phone: 016-544 24 65, email:
Ingrid Nohlgren, f3, phone: 031-772 63 52, email:

  • Comprehensive technological, economical and/or environmental system studies

  • Stakeholder, policy and strategy studies

  • Comparative system studies

  • Process integration and efficiency improvement potentials

  • Research syntheses

Projects within the collaborative research program

Search for specific projects, fact sheets and reports on the page Publications »

Project status

How can alcohols contribute to a fossil-independent non-road machinery fleet?

Working vehicles such as tractors and wheel loaders use 13.9 TWh of fossil fuel annually. There are many alternatives to…

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Project Manager: Gunnar Larsson

Collaborative research program  | Ongoing

Actor networks, local policy instruments, and public procurement that supports biogas development

Municipalities and counties are important users of transport services and play a central role for biogas development. These actors can…

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Project Manager: Tomas Lönnqvist

Collaborative research program  | Ongoing

Sustainable HVO production potential and environmental impact

Hydrogenated vegetable oil, HVO, is today the most important biofuel in Sweden. Despite Sweden’s rich assets on biomass, HVO is…

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Project Manager: Hanna Karlsson

Collaborative research program  | Ongoing

Drop-in fuels from black liquor part streams – bridging the gap between short and long-term technology tracks

In this project we investigate possibilities to produce drop-in biofuels from a partial stream of the total black liquor (BL)…

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Project Manager: Elisabeth Wetterlund

Collaborative research program  | Ongoing

SunAlfa – System-oriented analysis of processes for renewable fuels form forest raw material

SunAlfa is a project aimed at quantifying key factors for the development and commercialization of production chains for biofuels from…

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Project Manager: Lars Stigsson

Collaborative research program  | Ongoing

Long-term sustainability evaluation of fossil free fuels production concepts

The development of fossil free fuels will take place in a situation with successively, probably radical, changing conditions regarding surrounding…

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Project Manager: Simon Harvey

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2018-08-21

Sustainable biofuels – critical review of current views and case studies using extended systems analysis providing new perspectives and positive examples

The project is a further development of ongoing research on sustainable bioenergy systems at the departments of Fysisk Resursteori (FRT,…

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Project Manager: Göran Berndes

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2018-06-21

Prospects for renewable marine fuels

In order to reduce the environmental and climate impact of shipping, in the short and long term, the introduction of…

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Project Manager: Julia Hansson

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2018-06-18

An innovation policy framework and policy options for the development of biorefineries

This project investigates how different policy instruments contribute to the commercialization of future biorefineries and the production of renewable transport…

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Project Manager: Hans Hellsmark

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2018-05-14

Techno-economics of long and short term technology pathways for renewable transportation fuel production

Sweden has the ambition to have a fossil-free vehicle fleet by 2030. From a short-term perspective, biofuels are needed that…

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Project Manager: Erik Furusjö

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2018-04-18

Integrated assessment of vehicle fuels with sustainability LCA – Social and environmental impacts in a life cycle perspective

The sustainability of biofuels for transport is often expressed as their possibility to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions compared to…

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Project Manager: Elisabeth Ekener

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2018-03-14

Knowledge synthesis on new value chains by thermochemical conversion of digestate for increased biofuel production in Sweden

To be able to replace fossil fuels with second-generation biofuels and reach the goal of a fossil-fuel independent vehicle fleet…

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Project Manager: Anna-Karin Jannasch

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2018-02-27

Marine feedstock based biofuels and ecosystem services

Climate change mitigation is prioritized in numerous national and international policy decisions and action plans, particularly in relation to the…

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Project Manager: Karin Hansen

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2018-02-27

Methanol production via black liquor gasification with expanded raw material base

Effective utilization of by-products of biochemical fuel production is crucial for its development and there is a need to expand…

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Project Manager: Joakim Lundgren

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2018-02-13

Determination of potential improvements in bio-oil production (ImprOil)

An important route for renewable transportation fuels is to produce bio-oil from forest raw material through e.g. fast pyrolysis, which…

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Project Manager: Marie Anheden

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2018-01-26

Biofuels from biomass from agricultural land – land use change from a Swedish perspective

An international debate is taking place on indirect land use change (iLUC) triggered by biofuels, which could lead to large…

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Project Manager: Serina Ahlgren

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2018-01-17

BeWhere – Stake-holder analysis of biofuel production in Sweden

Sweden has set ambitious targets for conversion to a fossil-free transportation sector. Advanced, so-called second generation, biofuels are an important…

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Project Manager: Elisabeth Wetterlund

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2017-11-08

Biogas in the transport sector – An actor and policy analysis

Biogas vehicles have been used for decades but nevertheless the biogas market is small. The aim of this project has…

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Project Manager: Stefan Grönkvist

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2017-10-18

Fresh and stored crops – a new way to organize all-year substrate supply for a biogas plant

Arable crops account for a large proportion of the identified potential for increased biogas production in Sweden. This project can contribute to…

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Project Manager: Carina Gunnarsson

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2017-08-30

Techno-economic analysis of biomethane production with novel upgrading technology

The use of upgraded biogas as vehicle fuel is considered as one of the most efficient means of utilizing renewable energy to…

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Project Manager: Xiaoyan Ji

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2017-08-07

From visions to smart ICT – Local transitions to renewable transportation

There is large uncertainty regarding how to succeed in the transition to fossil free fuels. In municipalities and regions, there…

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Project Manager: Cecilia Sundberg

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2017-06-27

The role of electrofuels: a cost-effective solution for future transport?

Electrofuels are synthetic hydrocarbons produced from carbon dioxide and water with electricity as the main source. They are interesting for…

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Project Manager: Maria Grahn

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2017-06-27

Barriers to an increased utilisation of high biofuel blends in the Swedish vehicle fleet

The aim of the Swedish government is a fossil fuel-free vehicle fleet to 2030. In order to meet future environmental…

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Project Manager: Åsa Kastensson

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2017-05-31

Public procurement as a policy instrument to support the diffusion and the use of renewable transport fuels

Many municipalities in Sweden have requirements on green cars in the procurement of municipal vehicles and some also have requirements…

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Project Manager: Jamil Khan

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2017-04-26

Environmental and socio-economic benefits from Swedish biofuel production

The Swedish Energy Agency reported in 2014 a greenhouse gas emissions reduction of 1.95 M tonnes of CO2-eq due to…

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Project Manager: Michael Martin

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2017-04-03

Enabling the transition to a bio-economy: Innovation system dynamics and policy

This research project has focused on the following question: “What promotes and hinders transition pathways to the development and deployment…

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Project Manager: Lars Coenen

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2017-01-23

Biofuels and ecosystem services

Climate change mitigation is high on the agenda in numerous national and international policy decisions and action plans, particularly in…

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Project Manager: Karin Hansen

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2017-01-12

Methane as vehicle fuel – a gate-to-wheel study (METDRIV)

Today, the global interest in methane as a transportation fuel is growing rapidly due to the expanded recovery of shale…

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Project Manager: Pål Börjesson

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2017-01-01

Examining systemic constraints and drivers for production of forest-derived transport biofuels

Diversification of forest industry activities into transport fuels is important for Swedish climate and energy policy goal achievement, and biofuel…

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Project Manager: Philip Peck

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2016-10-12

Sustainable transportation fuels – a techno-economic Well-to-Wheel analysis

Increased use of wood-based biofuels and electricity for transportation is singled out as a key part of the transition towards…

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Project Manager: Karin Pettersson

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2016-09-01

Value chains for production of renewable transportation fuels using intermediates

This project compares forest raw-material value chains for conversion to transportation biofuels, with respect to energy efficiency, climate impact and…

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Project Manager: Marie Anheden

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2016-08-29

Biogas from agricultural wastes and residues – Where and how much?

In the last years the number of gas-fuelled vehicles has increased rapidly in Sweden. The purpose of this project has…

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Project Manager: Martin Persson

Collaborative research program  | Finished | 2016-01-07

The method’s influence on climate impact assessment of biofuels and other uses of forest biomass

There are potentially significant climate benefits with fuels derived from Swedish forest biomass. The assessment of these benefits strongly depends…

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Project Manager: Gustav Sandin Albertsson

Collaborative research program  | 

A review of the synthetic step in the production of advanced biofuels

One of the most important routes for the future production of synthetic transport fuels is the gasification of biomass. A…

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Project Manager: Henrik Kusar

Collaborative research program  | Ongoing